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В последнее время необходимость защиты своих данных при пользовании Интернетом становиться все более необходимой, а огромное количество заблокированных ресурсов можно посетить лишь при использовании специализированных программ, одной из самых популярных и удобных является браузер Tor. До недавнего времени данный браузер был доступен лишь на ПК, но вот разработчики дали возможность и владельцам мобильных устройств воспользоваться данным приложением. Tor Browser - Андроид версия той самой программы, при этом мобильный вариант не уступает по функционалу декстопной версии.

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Tor browser logs

Опции тонкой настройки Tor. Рецепты и подсказки по использованию Tor. В этой статье собраны быстрые рецепты практической настройки Tor. На официальном сайте на странице скачивания отсутствует Tor без браузера. Последующие подсказки подразумевают, что Tor установлен так, как описано в статье, на которую дана ссылка. Особенно обратите внимание, как именно делается установка когда нужно, чтобы Tor использовал настройки из конфигурационного файла.

Файлы для определения расположения по IP адресу геолокация поставляются в комплекте Tor. У этих файлов имена geoip и geoip6. В Linux эти файлы имеют следующие пути:. Для обычной работы Tor эти файлы не требуются и поэтому в инструкции, на которую дана ссылка, ничего не сказано об их подключении. Тем не менее если вы хотите настроить Tor так, чтобы он имел IP адрес определённой страны, либо чтобы он избегал использовать узлы сети Tor, располагающиеся в определённых странах, то обязательно нужно указать в настройках Tor файлы для геолокации.

Как это сделать в Windows показано чуть выше. В Linux всё настроено автоматически сразу после установки. Если вы не хотите, чтобы ваши запросы не проходили через узлы сети Tor из определённых стран, то откройте конфигурационный файл Tor:. И добавьте в неё директиву ExcludeNodes , после которой поместите список двухбуквенных кодов стран каждое значение должно быть помещено в фигурные скобки, значения разделены друг от друга запятыми , которые вы не хотите.

Если вы хотите, чтобы при выходе в Интернет через Tor у вас всегда был IP адрес конкретной страны, то используйте опцию ExitNodes , после которой в фигурных скобках укажите двухбуквенный код выбранной страны. Пример настройки, при которой IP адрес при использовании Tor всегда будет из Японии:. Можно указать сразу несколько стран, и IP адреса будут выбираться для любой из этого списка.

Опция ExcludeNodes переопределяет эту опцию: любой узел, указанный одновременно в ExitNodes и ExcludeNodes , рассматривается как исключённый. Чтобы журнал работы службы Tor сохранялся в файл, добавьте в конфигурационный файл Tor следующую директиву:. Для изменения уровня подробности журналов Tor, вместо info можно указать: debug , info , notice , warn и err. Варианты перечислены от самого подробного вывода информации к наименее подробному.

После этого все DNS запросы будут передаваться через анонимную сеть Tor. Если вам хочется организовать свой такой же прокси на сервере, то вы можете это сделать с помощью Tor. Используя директиву SocksPort можно сделать так, что служба Tor будет прослушивать для подключений внешний IP адрес по умолчанию она прослушивает только localhost. Если вы не предпримите каких-либо мер, то данный прокси будет открытым и любой желающий сможет им воспользоваться.

Для ограничения тех, кто может подключаться к прокси, используйте директиву SocksPolicy. Можно предположить довольно специфические условия, когда соглядатай имеет доступ к вашему трафику например, это может быть провайдер Интернет-услуг. Ваш трафик Tor зашифрован, и единственное, что ему остаётся, это наблюдать за активностью вашего трафика.

Проходя через несколько сетевых узлов, ваше сообщение неоднократно шифруется. Таким образом, каждый из узлов не имеет представление о самом сообщении, источнике и пункте назначения. Основные плюсы браузера:. Предлагаем скачать бесплатно и полностью на русском языке у нас на сайте. Если вы не знаете, как скачать программу, то просто выберите кнопку с нужной операционной системой и кликаете на нее.

После чего происходит загрузка по прямой ссылке. При помощи данного ПО вы обеспечиваете себе полную конфиденциальность при отправке любых сообщений, ведение блогов YouTube, ЖЖ и т. За счет распределительных серверов узлов происходит полная анонимизация ваших данных. Данная технология также станет отличным стражем от механизмов анализа трафика, которые в свою очередь ставят не только под угрозу серфинг в сети, но также конфиденциальность деловых контактов и коммерческих тайн.

Инструкция по инсталляции будет проводиться для версии под Виндовс. Запускаем скачанный файл, после чего перед нами открывается окно с выбором языка:. В следующем меню нам предлагают выбрать путь, куда будет установлен браузер. Поздравляем, вы успешно установили приложение. На деле нет ничего сложного, всего в два клика происходит инсталляция столь популярного браузера. При первом открытии софта вам предлагают соединиться рекомендовано для большинства пользователей либо войти в настройки.

Второй пункт служит для тех, в чьей стране запрещен Тор или вам требуется прокси сервер:.

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Ждем какое то время, после чего запустится браузер Tor и выскочит окно с предложением использовать Английский язык, если же желаете, можете выбрать данную возможность. Так как есть вероятность поймать какую нибудь гадость, например на сайтах. А на таких сайтах. Теперь отключим параметр http referer, данный параметр сообщаем сайтам с какого ресурса вы зашли. Но, на этом еще не все, теперь необходимо установить саму Tor сеть и настроить перенаправление всего нашего трафика через сеть Tor.

Про установку Tor сети вы могли уже читать статьи на данном сайте, это уже не раз тут описывалось. Для установки Tor сети необходимо выполнить команду:. Затем включаем саму сеть Tor выполнив команду :. Собственно на этом установка сети Tor выполнена, но, нам необходимо перенаправить свой трафик, что бы он весь проходил через сеть Tor. Переходим в папку с toriptables2 выполнив команду:.

И перемещаем файл toriptables2. Для этого выполняем команду:. Данный метод анонимности можно использовать например сидя в кафе, и там подключившись к местному Wi-Fi, что крайне не рекомендуется делать в общественных сетях не используя шифрование своего трафика. Тем более, если вы проводите какие то действия с вашими учетками например с соц сетях. Сеть Tor в свою очередь не является панацеей, и не стоит данной сетью злоупотреблять. Так как тот, кто контролирует выходной узел сети Tor, тот контролирует весь трафик проходящий через данный узел.

Учтите это, когда пользуетесь сетью Tor, и не забывайте о банальных средствах гигиены в сети. You should see an option to copy the log to your clipboard, which you will be able to paste it into a text editor or an email client. Download Tor Browser to experience real private browsing without tracking, surveillance, or censorship. To advance human rights and freedoms by creating and deploying free and open source anonymity and privacy technologies, supporting their unrestricted availability and use, and furthering their scientific and popular understanding.

Sign up. Trademark, copyright notices, and rules for use by third parties can be found in our FAQ. How do I view Tor Browser message log?

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This command results in the key being saved to a file found at the path. To verify the signature of the package you downloaded, you will need to download the corresponding ". The examples below assume that you downloaded these two files to your "Downloads" folder.

Note that these commands use example file names and yours will be different: you will have downloaded a different version than 9. If you encounter errors you cannot fix, feel free to download and use this public key instead. Alternatively, you may use the following command:. Please see the Installation section in the Tor Browser Manual. Please see the Uninstalling section in the Tor Browser Manual. Please see the Updating section in the Tor Browser Manual.

The file you download and run prompts you for a destination. The default setting in the Windows installer also creates a shortcut for you on your Desktop, though be aware that you may have accidentally deselected the option to create a shortcut. Whenever we release a new stable version of Tor Browser, we write a blog post that details its new features and known issues. If you started having issues with your Tor Browser after an update, check out blog.

We want everyone to be able to enjoy Tor Browser in their own language. Tor Browser is now available in 30 different languages , and we are working to add more. Want to help us translate? Become a Tor translator! You can also help us in testing the next languages we will release, by installing and testing Tor Browser Alpha releases. No, Tor Browser is an open source software and it is free. Any browser forcing you to pay and is claiming to be Tor Browser is fake.

To make sure you are downloading the right Tor Browser visit our download page. After downloading, you can make sure that you have the official version of Tor Browser by verifying the signature. If you are not able to access our website, then visit censorship section to get information about alternate way of downloading Tor Browser. Note that by using Tor Mobile on Chrome OS, you will view the mobile not desktop versions of websites.

Using Tor Browser can sometimes be slower than other browsers. The Tor network has over a million daily users, and just over relays to route all of their traffic, and the load on each server can sometimes cause latency. You can help improve the speed of the network by running your own relay , or encouraging others to do so.

That said, Tor is much faster than it used to be and you may not actually notice any change in speed from other browsers. They erase all the information on your machine relating to the browsing session after they are closed, but have no measures in place to hide your activity or digital fingerprint online. This means that an observer can collect your traffic just as easily as any regular browser.

There are methods for setting Tor Browser as your default browser, but those methods may not work always or in every operating system. The Tor Browser works hard to isolate itself from the rest of your system, and the steps for making it the default browser are unreliable. This means sometimes a website would load in the Tor Browser, and sometimes it would load in another browser.

This type of behavior can be dangerous and break anonymity. We strongly recommend against using Tor in any browser other than Tor Browser. Using Tor in another browser can leave you vulnerable without the privacy protections of Tor Browser. You can certainly use another browser while you are also using Tor Browser. However, you should know that the privacy properties of Tor Browser will not be present in the other browser.

Be careful when switching back and forth between Tor and a less safe browser, because you may accidentally use the other browser for something you intended to do using Tor. However, be aware that your other browser is not keeping your activity private, and you may forget and accidentally use that non-private browser to do something that you intended to do in Tor Browser. Any other application on your system including other browsers will not have their connections routed over the Tor network, and will not be protected.

They need to be configured separately to use Tor. If you need to be sure that all traffic will go through the Tor network, take a look at the Tails live operating system which you can start on almost any computer from a USB stick or a DVD.

We do not recommend running multiple instances of Tor Browser, and doing so may not work as anticipated on many platforms. Please be sure no other instance of Tor Browser is already running, and that you have extracted Tor Browser in a location that your user has the correct permissions for. Tor Browser is a modified version of Firefox specifically designed for use with Tor. A lot of work has been put into making the Tor Browser, including the use of extra patches to enhance privacy and security.

While it is technically possible to use Tor with other browsers, you may open yourself up to potential attacks or information leakage, so we strongly discourage it. Learn more about the design of Tor Browser. Bookmarks in the Tor Browser can be exported, imported, backed up, restored as well as imported from another browser. In order to manage your bookmarks in Tor Browser, go to:.

Your bookmarks are now successfully exported from Tor Browser. The bookmarks HTML file you saved is now ready to be imported into another web browser. Bookmarks can be transferred from Firefox to Tor Browser. After exporting the data from the browser, follow the above step to import the bookmark file into your Tor Browser. At the bottom of the page, next to the "View the Tor logs" text, click the button "View Logs You should see an option to copy the log to your clipboard, which you will be able to paste it into a text editor or an email client.

Tor Browser in its default mode is starting with a content window rounded to a multiple of px x px to prevent fingerprinting the screen dimensions. The strategy here is to put all users in a couple of buckets to make it harder to single them out. That works so far until users start to resize their windows e.

Tor Browser 9 ships with a fingerprinting defense for those scenarios as well, which is called Letterboxing , a technique developed by Mozilla and presented in It works by adding white margins to a browser window so that the window is as close as possible to the desired size while users are still in a couple of screen size buckets that prevent singling them out with the help of screen dimensions. In simple words, this technique makes groups of users of certain screen sizes and this makes it harder to single out users on basis of screen size, as many users will have same screen size.

Tor Browser can certainly help people access your website in places where it is blocked. Most of the time, simply downloading the Tor Browser and then using it to navigate to the blocked site will allow access. In places where there is heavy censorship we have a number of censorship circumvention options available, including pluggable transports.

For more information, please see the Tor Browser User Manual section on censorship. Something like this might do the trick:. I tried to access your site xyz. I urge you to reconsider this decision; Tor is used by people all over the world to protect their privacy and fight censorship.

By blocking Tor users, you are likely blocking people in repressive countries who want to use a free internet, journalists and researchers who want to protect themselves from discovery, whistleblowers, activists, and ordinary people who want to opt out of invasive third party tracking. Please take a strong stance in favor of digital privacy and internet freedom, and allow Tor users access to xyz.

Thank you. In the case of banks, and other sensitive websites, it is also common to see geography-based blocking if a bank knows you generally access their services from one country, and suddenly you are connecting from an exit relay on the other side of the world, your account may be locked or suspended. If you are unable to connect to an onion service, please see I cannot reach X.

Tor Browser often makes your connection appear as though it is coming from an entirely different part of the world. Some websites, such as banks or email providers, might interpret this as a sign that your account has been compromised, and lock you out. You may be able to avoid this scenario if your provider offers 2-factor authentication, which is a much better security option than IP-based reputations. Contact your provider and ask them if they provide 2FA.

Sometimes JavaScript-heavy websites can have functional issues over Tor Browser. The simplest fix is to click on the Security icon the small gray shield at the top-right of the screen , then click "Advanced Security Settings Most antivirus or malware protection allows the user to "allowlist" certain processes that would otherwise be blocked. Please open your antivirus or malware protection software and look in the settings for a "allowlist" or something similar.

Next, exclude the following processes:. Finally, restart Tor Browser. Please note that some antivirus clients, like Kaspersky, may also be blocking Tor at the firewall level. If you downloaded Tor Browser from our main website or used GetTor , and verified it , these are false positives and you have nothing to worry about. Some antiviruses consider that files that have not been seen by a lot of users as suspicious.

You may also want to permit certain processes to prevent antiviruses from blocking access to Tor Browser. You might be on a censored network, and so you should try using bridges. Some bridges are built in to Tor Browser, and you can use those bridges by choosing "configure" then following the prompts in the Tor Launcher window that pops up when you open Tor Browser for the first time.

If you need other bridges, you can get them at our Bridges website. For more information about bridges, see the Tor Browser manual. One of the most common issues that causes connection errors in Tor Browser is an incorrect system clock. Please make sure your system clock and timezone are set accurately. The notification window lists a series of IP addresses and locations throughout the world recently used to access your account. In general, this is a false alarm: Google saw a bunch of logins from different places, as a result of running the service via Tor, and decided it was a good idea to confirm the account was being accessed by its rightful owner.

It is probably a false positive, but it might not be since it is possible for someone to hijack your Google cookie. Cookie hijacking is possible by either physical access to your computer or by watching your network traffic. In theory, only physical access should compromise your system because Gmail and similar services should only send the cookie over an SSL link. And if somebody did steal your Google cookie, they might end up logging in from unusual places though of course they also might not.

More recently, Gmail users can turn on 2-Step Verification on their accounts to add an extra layer of security. This is a known and intermittent problem; it does not mean that Google considers Tor to be spyware. When you use Tor, you are sending queries through exit relays that are also shared by thousands of other users. Tor users typically see this message when many Tor users are querying Google in a short period of time.

Google interprets the high volume of traffic from a single IP address the exit relay you happened to pick as somebody trying to "crawl" their website, so it slows down traffic from that IP address for a short time. An alternate explanation is that Google tries to detect certain kinds of spyware or viruses that send distinctive queries to Google Search. It notes the IP addresses from which those queries are received not realizing that they are Tor exit relays , and tries to warn any connections coming from those IP addresses that recent queries indicate an infection.

To our knowledge, Google is not doing anything intentionally specifically to deter or block Tor use. The error message about an infected machine should clear up again after a short time. Google uses "geolocation" to determine where in the world you are, so it can give you a personalized experience. This includes using the language it thinks you prefer, and it also includes giving you different results on your queries. If you really want to see Google in English you can click the link that provides that.

But we consider this a feature with Tor, not a bug the Internet is not flat, and it in fact does look different depending on where you are. This feature reminds people of this fact. If you set "hl" to "en" then Google will return search results in English regardless of what Google server you have been sent to.

On a query this looks like:. Another method is to simply use your country code for accessing Google. This can be google. When using Tor Browser, no one can see the websites that you visit. Tor Browser prevents people from knowing the websites you visit. DuckDuckGo is the default search engine in Tor Browser. DuckDuckGo does not track its users nor does it store any data about user searches. Learn more about DuckDuckGo privacy policy. With the release of Tor Browser 6.

For a while now, Disconnect, which was formerly used in Tor Browser, has had no access to Google search results. Since Disconnect is more of a meta search engine, which allows users to choose between different search providers, it fell back to delivering Bing search results, which were basically unacceptable quality-wise.

Most other search engines store your searches along with other information such as the timestamp, your IP address, and your account information if you are logged in. Please see the DuckDuckGo support portal. At the bottom of the page, next to the "View the Tor logs" text, click the button "View Logs You should see an option to copy the log to your clipboard, which you can then paste to a document to show whoever is helping you troubleshoot.

Download Tor Browser to experience real private browsing without tracking, surveillance, or censorship. To advance human rights and freedoms by creating and deploying free and open source anonymity and privacy technologies, supporting their unrestricted availability and use, and furthering their scientific and popular understanding.

Sign up. Trademark, copyright notices, and rules for use by third parties can be found in our FAQ. Tor log.